Skip to Content

Resize text:


Digestive Health

Find a Doctor

To search Houston doctors, please select a specialty & submit your Zip Code below.

Advanced Search
Search by Doctor's Name

Schedule Now

To schedule an appointment online, select provider type, service and submit your ZIP code below.

Appointment available in next 7 days
Advanced Search


Scleroderma (or systemic sclerosis) is a rare disease of the connective tissues of the whole body. It can be localized to the skin or can affect multiple organs in the body including the gastrointestinal system. It starts with deposition of collagen in the vessels, muscles, skin, lungs, kidneys and the gastrointestinal system, affecting their normal function.

Learn more about:

By Michel Kafrouni, M.D


 1. Yarze JC, Varga J, Stampfl D, Castell DO, Jimenez SA. Esophageal function in systemic sclerosis: a prospective evaluation of motility and acid reflux in 36 patients. Am J Gastroenterol. 1993 Jun;88(6):870-6.
2. Ebert EC. Esophageal disease in scleroderma. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2006 Oct;40(9):769-75.
3. Kent MS, Luketich JD, Irshad K, Awais O, Alvelo-Rivera M, Churilla P, Fernando HC, Landreneau RJ. Comparison of surgical approaches to recalcitrant gastroesophageal reflux disease in the patient with scleroderma. Ann Thorac Surg. 2007 Nov; 84(5):1710-5.
4. Kafrouni MI. New Onset Dysphagia and Electrolyte Disturbance. Complicated Cases in GI. Chapter 52. Edited by Anthony Kalloo MD and Jonathan M. Buscaglia MD. Slack incorporated, 2009.