A spine or spinal tumor is an abnormal mass of tissue within or surrounding the spinal cord and spinal column. These cells grow and multiply uncontrollably.
Spinal tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Primary tumors originate in the spine or spinal cord, and metastatic or secondary tumors result from cancer spreading from another site to the spine. Common primary cancers that spread to the spine are lung, breast and prostate.
The spinal column is the most common site for metastasis of cancer to the bone. Lung cancer is the most common cancer to metastasize to the bone in men, and breast cancer is the most common in women. Lymphoma and prostate cancer are other cancer types that more commonly spread to the spinal cord.
Spinal tumors are categorized into three groups according to location:
Nonsurgical treatment options include:
Surgical treatment options are available depending on the type of tumor:
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