A burn is damage to the skin or tissues caused by hot liquids, fire, hot objects, friction, or an electrical current. Burns can be classified as First, Second, Third, and Fourth degrees.
The after care for a burn is very important for your child’s recovery. The Children’s Memorial Hermann Hospital burn care video provides patients and families with visual instruction on best practices for cleaning, treating and caring for a burn wound. Please watch the instructional video below to learn how you and your child can participate in your child’s healthy healing.
First-degree burns involve only the outer layer of skin, which is the epidermis. These burns usually appear red and may be swollen with no blistering but may be painful. Theses burns are commonly associated with prolonged sun exposure*; however, can be seen after burns from hot liquids or fire. These burns typically heal in less than a week with minimal to no scarring.
*To learn more about the symptoms, care, and prevention of burns due to sun exposure, please visit our Sunburn 101 page.
Second-degree burns involve the epidermis and some or all of the dermis. (The dermis is the layer below the epidermis.) Blistering is usually noted with second-degree burns, which are pink in color, moist and/or shiny in appearance, and are often quite painful. However, a deep second-degree burn may appear white in color and may not be painful. Second-degree burns typically heal in 7-14 days, but deep second degree burns may take up to 21 days to heal. More often than not, second degree burn wounds heal without any significant scarring; however, they may be “discolored” for months and/or develop “puffy” scarring if they take longer than 21 days to heal.
Third-Degree Burns involve the entire dermis and destroy the hair follicles and sweat glands. These burns are white in appearance, dry, and not painful. Third degree burns require skin grafting to heal properly due to a significant risk of infection and contracture formation. Fourth-degree burns occur when the injury extends to the bone or other deep tissues, and are often seen with electrical burns and contact burns from super-heated metal object (i.e. mufflers).
Rarely requires burn center follow-up.
If you have any questions, use the online tool below to help us connect with you. To schedule an appointment, please contact our clinic using the information below:
Pediatric General & Thoracic Surgery
6410 Fannin Street, Suite 950
Houston, Texas 77030
Office Hours: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. (Monday-Friday except major holidays)
To contact Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, please fill out the form below.