Mitral regurgitation (MR) is a condition in which the heart's mitral valve (dual-flap valve between the left atrium and the left ventricle) doesn't close tightly, allowing blood to flow backward, or regurgitate, into the atrium, each time the left ventricle contracts. This reduces the amount of blood that flows to the rest of the body. As a result, the heart may try to pump harder, which may lead to congestive heart failure.
Some individuals with MR may not experience any symptoms, while others may experience one or more of the following symptoms:
To diagnose your condition, your physician will start by taking your medical history and your family history of heart disease. Your physician will listen to your heart with a stethoscope and may recommend one or more diagnostic tests, including:
Treatment of MR depends on the severity of the condition and if the condition is worsening.
Treatment may range from ongoing monitoring of a patient’s condition to surgery, as outlined below:
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