Educating yourself about the monkeypox virus, and how it can be prevented, is the most effective way to protect yourself and your family.

  • Monkeypox is a disease that is caused from an infection with the monkeypox virus, which is from the same virus family that causes smallpox.
  • It was discovered in 1958 in small mammals and was recorded in humans in 1970.
  • Monkeypox can spread from person to person through direct contact with the infectious rash, scabs or body fluids, or through contact with fabrics or surfaces that have been used by someone with monkeypox.
  • It also can be spread by respiratory secretions during prolonged, face-to-face contact or during intimate physical contact.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer, especially before eating or touching your face and after you use the bathroom.
  • Avoid close, skin-to-skin contact with people who have a rash that looks like monkeypox.
  • Avoid contact with objects and materials that a person with monkeypox has used.
  • Symptoms of monkeypox can include fever, headache, muscle/back aches, swollen lymph nodes, chills, respiratory symptoms and a rash that looks like pimples or blisters.
  • The presentation of symptoms may vary. Some may only have a rash while others may experience flu-like symptoms or a rash before having other symptoms.
  • Self-monitor for signs or symptoms of monkeypox for 21 days after the exposure.
  • Contact your doctor to see if you are eligible for post-exposure vaccination, which can prevent or decrease the severity of illness if given in the first few days.
  • Individuals exposed to monkeypox can continue their daily activities as long as signs or symptoms consistent with monkeypox are not present.
  • See a health care provider if you are experiencing any symptoms of monkeypox.
  • Avoid close contact with others, as well as pets.

For the latest information on monkeypox, visit