Bladder cancer starts in cells, called transitional cells, which line the bladder. The tumors are classified based on the way they grow:
Although the exact cause of bladder cancer is uncertain, certain things put you at higher risk:
Physicians may use the following tests to confirm a diagnosis of bladder cancer:
Your physician may also order blood tests to help determine the diagnosis, including a complete blood count (CBC), liver function and tumor markers.
Bladder cancer treatment depends on the stage of the cancer, the severity of your symptoms and your overall health.
Stages 0 and I: bladder surgery to remove the tumor and chemotherapy of immunotherapy directly into the bladder.
Stages II and III: radical cystectomy (removal of the bladder); surgery to remove only a part of the bladder, followed by Stages II and III: radical cystectomy (removal of the bladder); surgery to remove only a part of the bladder, followed by radiation and chemotherapy; chemotherapy to shrink the tumor before surgery; or a combination of chemotherapy and radiation in patients who choose not to have bladder surgery or who are not candidates for surgery. and chemotherapy; chemotherapy to shrink the tumor before surgery; or a combination of chemotherapy and radiation in patients who choose not to have bladder surgery or who are not candidates for surgery.
Stage IV: in most patients, the malignancy has progressed too far for a cure. Chemotherapy may be considered for some patients.
Memorial Hermann Cancer Centers are accredited by the American College of Surgeons’ (ACoS) Commission on Cancer (CoC). This rare distinction is given to cancer programs that uphold the highest standard of care for patients. When you choose Memorial Hermann Cancer Centers for your cancer treatment, you can rest assured you will receive the best possible care delivered by a compassionate team of caregivers in a calm, healing environment.
For more information about Memorial Hermann Cancer Centers, including how to get connected to our support services or an affiliated provider, please call (833) 770-7771 or fill out the form below to be connected to one of our Oncology Nurse Navigators.
For more information about the COVID-19 vaccine, please read our Frequently Asked Questions.